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How Cognitive Ability Tests Predict Job Performance


Sep 12, 2023
How Cognitive Ability Tests Predict Job Performance


Cognitive ability tests, also known as aptitude tests, have become a staple in the hiring process for many organizations. These assessments evaluate a candidate’s intellectual capabilities, including logical reasoning, problem-solving, numerical and verbal aptitude, and abstract thinking. But how do these tests accurately predict job performance? Let’s explore the mechanisms behind their predictive power. Which is the best cognitive ability test for employment, this information will help you make informed decision.

Measuring relevant skills:

Cognitive ability tests are designed to assess skills that are highly relevant to most job roles. These skills include critical thinking, the ability to learn quickly, and effective decision-making. Regardless of the specific industry or position, these cognitive skills are often integral to success in the workplace.

Predicting learning curve:

Cognitive ability tests can provide insights into how quickly a candidate is likely to adapt and learn in a new role. Jobs today often require employees to acquire new skills and knowledge rapidly. Candidates who perform well on cognitive ability tests are more likely to grasp complex concepts, absorb training material, and apply their learning effectively.

Problem-solving abilities:

Workplace challenges are a constant. Whether it’s troubleshooting a technical issue, resolving conflicts, or devising innovative solutions, employees with strong cognitive abilities tend to excel in problem-solving. Cognitive ability tests gauge an individual’s capacity to approach complex problems logically and find practical solutions.


Many job roles involve decision-making at various levels. Employees must make choices that impact projects, teams, and even the organization as a whole. Cognitive ability tests assess a candidate’s ability to make well-informed decisions quickly, a skill that is valuable in leadership and decision-making positions.

Reducing bias:

One of the significant advantages of cognitive ability tests is their objectivity. Traditional hiring processes often introduce biases related to factors like gender, race, or interview performance. Cognitive ability tests provide an objective measure of a candidate’s skills, reducing the influence of subjectivity in hiring decisions.

Strong correlation with performance:

Extensive research has consistently shown a strong correlation between cognitive ability test scores and job performance. Studies across different professions and organizations have demonstrated that candidates who score well on these tests tend to perform better in their roles.