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The Causes Of Acne And Its Treatment


Nov 13, 2023
The Causes Of Acne And Its Treatment


Acne is a common skin condition that affects millions of people of all ages worldwide. It can cause physical and emotional distress, so understanding its causes and available acne treatment Dubai is essential for those dealing with skin condition.

Causes of acne:

Acne occurs when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Several factors contribute to the development of acne:

Excess sebum production:

The sebaceous glands in your skin produce sebum, an oily substance that helps keep your skin lubricated. Excess sebum production, often due to hormonal fluctuations, can lead to clogged pores and the development of acne.

Bacterial infection:

Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes), a type of bacteria, can multiply in clogged hair follicles and cause inflammation, leading to the formation of pimples.

Hormonal changes:

Hormonal fluctuations, such as those during puberty, menstruation, pregnancy, and menopause, can increase sebum production and contribute to acne development.


If your parents or siblings have a history of acne, you may be more prone to developing it as well. Genetics can play a role in acne susceptibility.

Certain medications:

Some medications, including corticosteroids and certain oral contraceptives, can trigger or exacerbate acne.


While the relationship between diet and acne is still being studied, some individuals may find that certain foods, particularly those high in sugars and dairy products, can worsen their acne.

Environmental factors:

Exposure to pollutants, humidity, and other environmental factors can contribute to acne, as they can affect skin health and clog pores.

Treatment options for acne:

Topical treatments:

Over-the-counter and prescription topical treatments, such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, and retinoids, can help reduce inflammation, unclog pores, and control excess oil production.

Oral medications:

For moderate to severe acne, oral medications like antibiotics, hormonal contraceptives, and isotretinoin (Accutane) may be prescribed to address the underlying causes of acne.

Lifestyle and dietary changes:

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management, can help reduce the severity of acne. Avoiding known trigger foods and dairy products may also be beneficial for some individuals.

Chemical peels:

Chemical peels involve the application of a chemical solution to the skin, which exfoliates the top layer and can help improve acne and reduce acne scarring.